Why should I use XPS® oil?
XPS® oils are designed and engineered specifically for use in BRP’s powersports equipment. XPS® oils are specialized products designed to give Rotax® engines superior protection under a wide range of harsh terrain and weather conditions. They are an exact-fit application, whereas other branded oils are a might-fit application
Is XPS® better than other oil?
Today, oil is becoming more and more specialized for application due to higher performance engines with tighter tolerances. Specific manufacturer engine appetites are often counter to the direction of passenger car motor oil and general market offerings. There are many good oil products on the market, and those that meet the minimum manufacturer specification may protect the vehicle adequately. However, only XPS® products are developed, tested and approved by BRP engineers for the ultimate engine protection.
What other oils can I use?
Consult the owner’s/operator’s manual for your vehicle. If specific oil is recommended, it is likely engineered for unique engine requirements to help ensure peak performance (such as XPS® 2-Stroke Synthetic for Ski- Doo® E-TEC snowmobiles, or XPS® 4T Synthetic for Sea-Doo® and Can-Am vehicles). Using oil that satisfies API service level requirements and viscosity is most often a minimum requirement. The manufacturer recommended oil is usually the ideal formulation to help ensure maximum engine longevity and peak performance.
Is XPS® made by the lowest bidder? What company makes XPS®?
Since 2008, the same oil manufacturing partner has working jointly with BRP and its Rotax® powertrain engineers. The oil company chemists have worked with BRP to develop the latest XPS® oil formulations concurrent with new engine development. Powersports oils are specialized, engineered products for unique engine appetites. The lowest-bidder scenario is more common in the automotive industry where American Petroleum Industry (API) certifications are universally applied to passenger car motor oil (PCMO).
What other oils are the same as XPS®?
There is not an off-the-shelf, direct replacement for any XPS® oil. There are other four-stroke oils that will meet the minimum use specification. However, only XPS® is tested and approved by BRP engineers. XPS® two-stroke oils are exclusive with an additive system that is custom tailored for the specific appetites and demands for Rotax® E-TEC engines. The final, unique oil recipe for high-output Rotax® engines provides the protection levels BRP and Rotax® engineers sought.
Why does BRP have its own oil brand?
BRP has its own oil and lubricants brand, XPS®, developed and tested with its powertrain engineers to ensure that consumers get the very best ownership experience possible from their BRP recreational vehicles. The oils and lubricants of your Sea-Doo®, Can-Am®, and Ski-Doo® products are the lifeblood of the vehicle – and BRP wants consumers to have lubricants best matched for them.
What makes XPS® different or better than other oil? Does BRP test other oil?
With XPS® products, consumers are never guessing if it’s the right fluid for the application – XPS®-branded products cover whatever a BRP recreational vehicle needs. Aftermarket oils typically mass-produced oil with a one-size fits all approach to suit the needs of all manufacturers – not the unique demands of one engine family. Some aftermarket oils claim to pass the rigorous demands for a unique powersports engine after testing its oil on just one vehicle. No oil company can afford, by itself, the extensive testing program that BRP and other manufacturers use to ensure its products receive the best protection. XPS® was tested for more than 1 million miles during 3 years of field testing on all engine platforms.
Is use of XPS necessary for me to ensure warranty coverage?
No, however use of equivalent oil within specification often must be used to ensure warranty coverage. While use of other oil may void a warranty if not in specification, use of the manufacturer’s products with oil changes at the recommended frequency will help ensure warranty coverage for any oil-related failure. Using manufacturer’s products takes the guesswork away from users.
What is the difference between automotive and powersports oils? Why should I use powersportsspecific oil?
Passenger Car Motor Oil (PCMO) ratings and oil formulations are driven by the Environmental Pollution Agency (EPA) and government-required vehicle fleet average mileage increases, whereas powersports formulations such as XPS® prioritize protection and peak performance. Powersports oil, and specifically XPS®, has a custom additive package that is engineered to provide the ultimate Rotax® engine protection for added longevity and peak performance. For these different applications, there are three chief differences:
- Friction modifiers make PCMO more slippery and improve mileage, but at the cost of engine protection. By design, Friction Modifiers fill in surface pores on oxide surfaces to make them more slippery. This is good for engine fuel economy to increase mpg, but it causes slippage in clutch discs that are supposed to grip, especially in Spyder and Sea-Doo applications.
- The best anti-wear materials are limited in PCMO as they clog catalytic converters for on-highway vehicles. Superior anti-wear agents are permitted in powersports engines for superior engine protection.
- XPS® also contains an exclusive anti-corrosion additive, a must for engine protection during storage or for use in wet and dirty environments.
Are two-stroke oils all the same?
No. Because the latest two stroke engine technology is increasingly sophisticated, and because different snowmobile manufacturers are using different technologies to meet EPA guidelines, each engine family has unique appetites. The manufacturer formulations have been tested and found to have very different chemistry – the engine families are different, so the additive contents and percentages are uniquely optimized for engine protection and peak performance.
Are four-stroke oils all the same?
No. The additive package in XPS® is specialized for Rotax® high performance engines. In addition to the specific engineering in XPS®, its additive package contains additional corrosion protection recreational vehicles need. XPS® is superior to many other powersports manufacturer’s formulations with a higher API service level, wider range of protection, and XPS® synthetic is formulated using high quality base stocks.
What makes XPS® 4T oil better for my BRP vehicle? Is it different from other synthetics?
Yes. XPS® is advanced, high-quality oil that has to keep pace with the increasing performance of ever more powerful and ever more advanced Rotax® engines. The testing done to get oils approved is extensive with each new generation of engines.
General Oil Questions
What makes oil synthetic?
Both mineral and synthetic oil start from a barrel of refined crude oil. However, synthetic oils are made through a process of chemical reactions to remove impurities and obtain molecular consistency.
Is synthetic oil better? What are the advantages?
Yes. Because synthetics are highly refined, many oil impurities are removed and the oil has a consistent molecular structure. Synthetic oils are high performance fluids that provide better protection from reduced friction (especially at low and high engine temperature), promote a cleaner engine, and they are more resilient to thermal breakdown. Because they are more consistent and more oxidatively stable, they provide better engine protection to promote a longer engine life and peak engine performance.
Are all synthetic oils the same?
No. There are different types of base oil (American Petroleum Institute Group III and Group IV and some Group V compounds, such as esters) that are labeled “synthetic” and there are also many different ways to combine various oil additive components and quantities that can chemically differentiate oil and alter oil performance. Based on the variety of base stock and synthetic additives on the market, two synthetic oils with the same certification level can have different features and performance.
Can I switch to synthetic after using conventional (mineral) oil? How do I make the switch?
Yes. Contrary to popular myth, no break-in period is required before making a switch and most any engine can safely change at any time. Most performance engines are filled at the factory with the synthetic oil specified by manufacturer engineers. When making a change on engines that have used conventional oils for many hours/years of operation, check the oil filter for deposits. Synthetic oil promotes cleaner engine operation and may release deposits due to the added detergency.
As long as I have the same viscosity, my oil is OK, right?
Not necessarily. In addition to using the recommended oil viscosity, the API oil certification level (such as SJ, SL) and other specification requirements (such as JASO) need consideration. Additionally, some vehicles require certain oil types to be avoided, such as four-stroke engine oil that contains friction modifiers. Consult your vehicle owner’s manual for specification information.
Why don’t manufacturer oils/lubes list API certifications? Are they API certified?
There are two valid reasons that most manufacturer oils are not API certified. There is a significant cost involved for certification and for using the API trademark, and for oils designed specifically for use in its own products, the costs are unnecessary expense. Secondly, many manufacturer oils are not certified so as to maintain confidentiality. These oils often contain proprietary formulations, and formulation disclosure is required during the API certification process.
Why should I change oil annually, even if I don’t ride the miles (or hours) outlined in my manual?
Engine manufacturers strongly recommend minimum oil change frequency, regardless of the hours used or miles traveled, because oil absorbs moisture and an oil change gets rid of it and gives your engine a fresh layer of protection against moisture and corrosion. The added protection of powersports formulated oil with corrosion protection is a benefit that today’s automotive oils cannot offer.
Why should I consider added corrosion protection?
Most powersports oil is not formulated with the extra corrosion inhibitor in XPS®. The extra moisture protection in XPS® benefits engines during long term storage and from harsh environment operation.
What problems can engine moisture cause?
Moisture creates sludge and surface deposits that accelerate wear and obstruct oil pathways, and moisture can also react with certain molecular species under high heat conditions that create acids that, once present, can lead to internal engine corrosion.
How does moisture accumulate in an engine?
Moisture gets inside engines two ways: as a natural byproduct of combustion; and from condensation as a warm engine cools to ambient temperature and as air temperature cycles from warm to cold (more extreme in humid conditions). When engines reach operating temperature frequently, this moisture burns off. When engines are not at running temperature often, there is greater chance for moisture to accumulate.
What grease should I use? How often should I grease the fittings on my powersports vehicle?
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation. In addition to grease rating, it is important to use the recommended thickener type (Calcium, Lithium, Aluminum, etc.). Grease compounds are not universally compatible with each other. In addition to following your vehicle’s periodic maintenance chart for grease service, it is good practice to refill fittings after using in extreme conditions such as mud and water.
I need to clean my EFI system?
While most gasoline sold today includes some mild detergents for cleaning fuel systems, because powersports vehicles are used in extreme terrain, conditions and weather, it is good practice to use a fuel system cleaner such as XPS® Carbon Free fuel treatment periodically. In addition to the removal of accumulated deposits, XPS® Carbon Free will stabilize fuel during storage and combat the corrosive tendencies of today’s ethanol fuels.
What products should I use to treat my fuel system?
Use a fuel treatment stabilizer that also has anti-corrosion and fuel system cleaning benefits from a trusted recreational or small engine manufacturer. Avoid products that falsely claim to reverse phase separation – these products typically contain alcohol or glycol ether to hold additional water. Small engine testing shows these products increase the alcohol content and can cause internal engine damage.